The Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world’s largest security-oriented intergovernmental organisation. Created during the Cold War as an East-West forum, its mandate includes the promotion of human rights, the freedom of the press, and arms control. Today, it is focused on early warning systems to prevent conflict and manage crises, as well as aiding in post-conflict rehabilitation. It includes institutions such as the OSCE Representative on the Freedom of the Media, which acts as a watchdog to provide early warning on violations of freedom of expression in OSCE states.

OSCE Representative on the Freedom of the Media

PEN at the OSCE